CVEdetails.com the ultimate security vulnerability data source
(e.g.: CVE-2009-1234 or 2010-1234 or 20101234)
Log In   Register
Vulnerability Feeds & WidgetsNew   www.itsecdb.com  

Security Vulnerabilities (CVSS score between 6 and 8.99)

Press ESC to close
# CVE ID CWE ID # of Exploits Vulnerability Type(s) Publish Date Update Date Score Gained Access Level Access Complexity Authentication Conf. Integ. Avail.
15201 CVE-2016-2098 20 Exec Code 2016-04-07 2019-08-08
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Action Pack in Ruby on Rails before 3.2.22.2, 4.x before 4.1.14.2, and 4.2.x before 4.2.5.2 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary Ruby code by leveraging an application's unrestricted use of the render method.
15202 CVE-2016-2090 119 Overflow 2017-01-13 2017-06-30
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Off-by-one vulnerability in the fgetwln function in libbsd before 0.8.2 allows attackers to have unspecified impact via unknown vectors, which trigger a heap-based buffer overflow.
15203 CVE-2016-2087 22 Dir. Trav. 2017-01-18 2017-02-01
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Directory traversal vulnerability in the client in HexChat 2.11.0 allows remote IRC servers to read or modify arbitrary files via a .. (dot dot) in the server name.
15204 CVE-2016-2082 352 CSRF 2016-07-02 2017-08-31
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Cross-site request forgery (CSRF) vulnerability in VMware vRealize Log Insight 2.x and 3.x before 3.3.2 allows remote attackers to hijack the authentication of unspecified victims via unknown vectors.
15205 CVE-2016-2076 287 2016-04-15 2018-10-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Client Integration Plugin (CIP) in VMware vCenter Server 5.5 U3a, U3b, and U3c and 6.0 before U2; vCloud Director 5.5.5; and vRealize Automation Identity Appliance 6.2.4 before 6.2.4.1 mishandles session content, which allows remote attackers to hijack sessions via a crafted web site.
15206 CVE-2016-2074 119 Exec Code Overflow 2016-07-03 2018-03-22
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Buffer overflow in lib/flow.c in ovs-vswitchd in Open vSwitch 2.2.x and 2.3.x before 2.3.3 and 2.4.x before 2.4.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted MPLS packets, as demonstrated by a long string in an ovs-appctl command.
15207 CVE-2016-2070 189 DoS 2016-05-02 2016-05-05
7.8
None Remote Low Not required None None Complete
The tcp_cwnd_reduction function in net/ipv4/tcp_input.c in the Linux kernel before 4.3.5 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (divide-by-zero error and system crash) via crafted TCP traffic.
15208 CVE-2016-2064 125 DoS 2016-08-07 2016-11-28
7.2
None Local Low Not required Complete Complete Complete
sound/soc/msm/qdsp6v2/msm-audio-effects-q6-v2.c in the MSM QDSP6 audio driver for the Linux kernel 3.x, as used in Qualcomm Innovation Center (QuIC) Android contributions for MSM devices and other products, allows attackers to cause a denial of service (buffer over-read) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted application that makes an ioctl call specifying many commands.
15209 CVE-2016-2059 362 DoS +Priv 2016-05-05 2016-11-30
7.2
None Local Low Not required Complete Complete Complete
The msm_ipc_router_bind_control_port function in net/ipc_router/ipc_router_core.c in the IPC router kernel module for the Linux kernel 3.x, as used in Qualcomm Innovation Center (QuIC) Android contributions for MSM devices and other products, does not verify that a port is a client port, which allows attackers to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (race condition and list corruption) by making many BIND_CONTROL_PORT ioctl calls.
15210 CVE-2016-2056 77 Exec Code 2016-04-13 2018-10-09
6.5
None Remote Low Single system Partial Partial Partial
xymond in Xymon 4.1.x, 4.2.x, and 4.3.x before 4.3.25 allow remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the adduser_name argument in (1) web/useradm.c or (2) web/chpasswd.c.
15211 CVE-2016-2054 119 DoS Exec Code Overflow 2016-04-13 2018-10-09
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Multiple buffer overflows in xymond/xymond.c in xymond in Xymon 4.1.x, 4.2.x, and 4.3.x before 4.3.25 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (daemon crash) via a long filename, involving handling a "config" command.
15212 CVE-2016-2052 DoS 2016-01-25 2017-06-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Multiple unspecified vulnerabilities in HarfBuzz before 1.0.6, as used in Google Chrome before 48.0.2564.82, allow attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly have other impact via crafted data, as demonstrated by a buffer over-read resulting from an inverted length check in hb-ot-font.cc, a different issue than CVE-2015-8947.
15213 CVE-2016-2051 DoS 2016-01-25 2016-12-07
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Multiple unspecified vulnerabilities in Google V8 before 4.8.271.17, as used in Google Chrome before 48.0.2564.82, allow attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly have other impact via unknown vectors.
15214 CVE-2016-2049 284 2016-02-01 2016-03-04
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
examples/consumer/common.php in JanRain PHP OpenID library (aka php-openid) improperly checks the openid.realm parameter against the SERVER_NAME element in the SERVER superglobal array, which might allow remote attackers to hijack the authentication of arbitrary users via vectors involving a crafted HTTP Host header.
15215 CVE-2016-2048 284 Bypass 2016-02-08 2016-11-28
6.0
None Remote Medium Single system Partial Partial Partial
Django 1.9.x before 1.9.2, when ModelAdmin.save_as is set to True, allows remote authenticated users to bypass intended access restrictions and create ModelAdmin objects via the "Save as New" option when editing objects and leveraging the "change" permission.
15216 CVE-2016-2034 89 Sql 2017-06-08 2017-06-14
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
SQL injection vulnerability in ClearPass Policy Manager 6.5.x through 6.5.6 and 6.6.0.
15217 CVE-2016-2029 +Info 2016-06-08 2016-08-23
6.4
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial None
HPE Matrix Operating Environment before 7.5.1 allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information or modify data via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-4358.
15218 CVE-2016-2024 DoS +Info 2016-06-08 2016-08-23
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
HPE Insight Control before 7.5.1 allow remote attackers to obtain sensitive information, modify data, or cause a denial of service via unspecified vectors.
15219 CVE-2016-2021 +Info 2016-06-08 2016-08-23
7.7
None Remote Low Multiple systems Complete Complete None
HPE Systems Insight Manager (SIM) before 7.5.1 allows remote authenticated users to obtain sensitive information or modify data via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-2017, CVE-2016-2019, CVE-2016-2020, CVE-2016-2022, and CVE-2016-2030.
15220 CVE-2016-2020 +Info 2016-06-08 2016-08-23
8.5
None Remote Low Single system Complete Complete None
HPE Systems Insight Manager (SIM) before 7.5.1 allows remote authenticated users to obtain sensitive information or modify data via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-2017, CVE-2016-2019, CVE-2016-2021, CVE-2016-2022, and CVE-2016-2030.
15221 CVE-2016-2019 +Info 2016-06-08 2016-08-23
7.7
None Remote Low Multiple systems Complete Complete None
HPE Systems Insight Manager (SIM) before 7.5.1 allows remote authenticated users to obtain sensitive information or modify data via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-2017, CVE-2016-2020, CVE-2016-2021, CVE-2016-2022, and CVE-2016-2030.
15222 CVE-2016-2018 +Info 2016-06-08 2016-08-23
6.4
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial None
HPE Systems Insight Manager (SIM) before 7.5.1 allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information or modify data via unspecified vectors.
15223 CVE-2016-2015 200 +Info 2016-05-14 2016-11-30
6.6
None Local Low Not required Complete Complete None
HPE System Management Homepage before 7.5.5 allows local users to obtain sensitive information or modify data via unspecified vectors.
15224 CVE-2016-2014 284 DoS 2016-05-07 2016-11-30
8.5
None Remote Low Single system None Complete Complete
HPE Network Node Manager i (NNMi) 9.20, 9.23, 9.24, 9.25, 10.00, and 10.01 allows remote authenticated users to modify data or cause a denial of service via unspecified vectors.
15225 CVE-2016-2012 287 Bypass 2016-05-07 2016-11-30
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
HPE Network Node Manager i (NNMi) 9.20, 9.23, 9.24, 9.25, 10.00, and 10.01 allows remote attackers to bypass authentication via unspecified vectors.
15226 CVE-2016-2009 284 Exec Code 2016-05-07 2016-11-30
6.5
None Remote Low Single system Partial Partial Partial
HPE Network Node Manager i (NNMi) 9.20, 9.23, 9.24, 9.25, 10.00, and 10.01 allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary commands via a crafted serialized Java object, related to the Apache Commons Collections (ACC) library.
15227 CVE-2016-2008 Exec Code 2016-04-21 2019-07-16
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
HPE Data Protector before 7.03_108, 8.x before 8.15, and 9.x before 9.06 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.
15228 CVE-2016-2003 Exec Code 2016-04-20 2016-11-30
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
HPE P9000 Command View Advanced Edition Software (CVAE) 7.x and 8.x before 8.4.0-00 and XP7 CVAE 7.x and 8.x before 8.4.0-00 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a crafted serialized Java object, related to the Apache Commons Collections (ACC) library.
15229 CVE-2016-2000 19 Exec Code 2016-04-05 2016-11-30
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
HPE Asset Manager 9.40, 9.41, and 9.50 and Asset Manager CloudSystem Chargeback 9.40 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a crafted serialized Java object, related to the Apache Commons Collections (ACC) library.
15230 CVE-2016-1991 2016-03-16 2018-10-17
6.0
None Remote Medium Single system Partial Partial Partial
HPE ArcSight ESM 5.x before 5.6, 6.0, 6.5.x before 6.5C SP1 Patch 2, and 6.8c before P1, and ArcSight ESM Express before 6.9.1, allows remote authenticated users to conduct unspecified "file download" attacks via unknown vectors.
15231 CVE-2016-1986 94 Exec Code 2016-02-11 2016-11-30
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
HP Continuous Delivery Automation (CDA) 1.30 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via a crafted serialized Java object, related to the Apache Commons Collections library.
15232 CVE-2016-1979 DoS 2016-03-13 2017-11-03
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Use-after-free vulnerability in the PK11_ImportDERPrivateKeyInfoAndReturnKey function in Mozilla Network Security Services (NSS) before 3.21.1, as used in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly have unspecified other impact via crafted key data with DER encoding.
15233 CVE-2016-1978 DoS 2016-03-13 2017-11-03
7.5
None Remote Low Not required Partial Partial Partial
Use-after-free vulnerability in the ssl3_HandleECDHServerKeyExchange function in Mozilla Network Security Services (NSS) before 3.21, as used in Mozilla Firefox before 44.0, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly have unspecified other impact by making an SSL (1) DHE or (2) ECDHE handshake at a time of high memory consumption.
15234 CVE-2016-1977 119 DoS Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2016-03-13 2018-10-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
The Machine::Code::decoder::analysis::set_ref function in Graphite 2 before 1.3.6, as used in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 and Firefox ESR 38.x before 38.7, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (stack memory corruption) via a crafted Graphite smart font.
15235 CVE-2016-1976 DoS 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Use-after-free vulnerability in the DesktopDisplayDevice class in the WebRTC implementation in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 on Windows might allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly have unspecified other impact via unknown vectors.
15236 CVE-2016-1975 362 DoS Mem. Corr. 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Multiple race conditions in dom/media/systemservices/CamerasChild.cpp in the WebRTC implementation in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 on Windows might allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory corruption) or possibly have unspecified other impact via unknown vectors.
15237 CVE-2016-1974 119 DoS Exec Code Overflow 2016-03-13 2018-10-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
The nsScannerString::AppendUnicodeTo function in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 and Firefox ESR 38.x before 38.7 does not verify that memory allocation succeeds, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read) via crafted Unicode data in an HTML, XML, or SVG document.
15238 CVE-2016-1973 DoS Exec Code 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Race condition in the GetStaticInstance function in the WebRTC implementation in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 might allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (use-after-free) via unspecified vectors.
15239 CVE-2016-1972 DoS 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Race condition in libvpx in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 on Windows might allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (use-after-free) or possibly have unspecified other impact via unknown vectors.
15240 CVE-2016-1971 119 DoS Overflow Mem. Corr. 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
The I420VideoFrame::CreateFrame function in the WebRTC implementation in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 on Windows omits an unspecified status check, which might allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory corruption) or possibly have other impact via unknown vectors.
15241 CVE-2016-1970 119 DoS Overflow Mem. Corr. 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Integer underflow in the srtp_unprotect function in the WebRTC implementation in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 on Windows might allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory corruption) or possibly have unspecified other impact via unknown vectors.
15242 CVE-2016-1969 119 DoS Overflow 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
The setAttr function in Graphite 2 before 1.3.6, as used in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 and Firefox ESR 38.x before 38.6.1, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds write) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted Graphite smart font.
15243 CVE-2016-1968 189 DoS Exec Code Overflow 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Integer underflow in Brotli, as used in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (buffer overflow) via crafted data with brotli compression.
15244 CVE-2016-1966 DoS Exec Code Mem. Corr. 2016-03-13 2018-10-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
The nsNPObjWrapper::GetNewOrUsed function in dom/plugins/base/nsJSNPRuntime.cpp in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 and Firefox ESR 38.x before 38.7 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (invalid pointer dereference and memory corruption) via a crafted NPAPI plugin.
15245 CVE-2016-1964 DoS Exec Code Mem. Corr. 2016-03-13 2018-10-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Use-after-free vulnerability in the AtomicBaseIncDec function in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 and Firefox ESR 38.x before 38.7 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (heap memory corruption) by leveraging mishandling of XML transformations.
15246 CVE-2016-1961 Exec Code 2016-03-13 2018-10-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Use-after-free vulnerability in the nsHTMLDocument::SetBody function in dom/html/nsHTMLDocument.cpp in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 and Firefox ESR 38.x before 38.7 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by leveraging mishandling of a root element, aka ZDI-CAN-3574.
15247 CVE-2016-1960 DoS Exec Code 2016-03-13 2018-10-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Integer underflow in the nsHtml5TreeBuilder class in the HTML5 string parser in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 and Firefox ESR 38.x before 38.7 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (use-after-free) by leveraging mishandling of end tags, as demonstrated by incorrect SVG processing, aka ZDI-CAN-3545.
15248 CVE-2016-1959 119 DoS Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2016-03-13 2016-12-02
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
The ServiceWorkerManager class in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read and memory corruption) via unspecified use of the Clients API.
15249 CVE-2016-1956 399 DoS Mem. Corr. 2016-03-13 2018-10-30
7.1
None Remote Medium Not required None None Complete
Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 on Linux, when an Intel video driver is used, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory consumption or stack memory corruption) by triggering use of a WebGL shader.
15250 CVE-2016-1954 264 DoS +Priv 2016-03-13 2018-10-30
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
The nsCSPContext::SendReports function in dom/security/nsCSPContext.cpp in Mozilla Firefox before 45.0 and Firefox ESR 38.x before 38.7 does not prevent use of a non-HTTP report-uri for a Content Security Policy (CSP) violation report, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (data overwrite) or possibly gain privileges by specifying a URL of a local file.
Total number of vulnerabilities : 44279   Page : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 (This Page)306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886
CVE is a registred trademark of the MITRE Corporation and the authoritative source of CVE content is MITRE's CVE web site. CWE is a registred trademark of the MITRE Corporation and the authoritative source of CWE content is MITRE's CWE web site. OVAL is a registered trademark of The MITRE Corporation and the authoritative source of OVAL content is MITRE's OVAL web site.
Use of this information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There are NO warranties, implied or otherwise, with regard to this information or its use. Any use of this information is at the user's risk. It is the responsibility of user to evaluate the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, opinion, advice or other content. EACH USER WILL BE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY consequences of his or her direct or indirect use of this web site. ALL WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. This site will NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT or any other kind of loss.