knplabs/knp-snappy is a PHP library allowing thumbnail, snapshot or PDF generation from a url or a html page. ## Issue On March 17th the vulnerability CVE-2023-28115 was disclosed, allowing an attacker to gain remote code execution through PHAR deserialization. Version 1.4.2 added a check `if (\strpos($filename, 'phar://') === 0)` in the `prepareOutput` function to resolve this CVE, however if the user is able to control the second parameter of the `generateFromHtml()` function of Snappy, it will then be passed as the `$filename` parameter in the `prepareOutput()` function. In the original vulnerability, a file name with a `phar://` wrapper could be sent to the `fileExists()` function, equivalent to the `file_exists()` PHP function. This allowed users to trigger a deserialization on arbitrary PHAR files. To fix this issue, the string is now passed to the `strpos()` function and if it starts with `phar://`, an exception is raised. However, PHP wrappers being case insensitive, this patch can be bypassed using `PHAR://` instead of `phar://`. A successful exploitation of this vulnerability allows executing arbitrary code and accessing the underlying filesystem. The attacker must be able to upload a file and the server must be running a PHP version prior to 8. This issue has been addressed in commit `d3b742d61a` which has been included in version 1.4.3. Users are advised to upgrade. Users unable to upgrade should ensure that only trusted users may submit data to the `AbstractGenerator->generate(...)` function.
Published 2023-09-06 18:15:09
Updated 2023-09-12 20:42:59
Source GitHub, Inc.
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: Execute code

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2023-41330

1.05%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 84 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2023-41330

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
9.8
CRITICAL CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
3.9
5.9
NIST
9.8
CRITICAL CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
3.9
5.9
GitHub, Inc.

CWE ids for CVE-2023-41330

  • The product deserializes untrusted data without sufficiently verifying that the resulting data will be valid.
    Assigned by: security-advisories@github.com (Primary)

References for CVE-2023-41330

Products affected by CVE-2023-41330

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