The Netskope client service (prior to R96) on Windows runs as NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM which writes log files to a writable directory (C:\Users\Public\netSkope) for a standard user. The files are created and written with a SYSTEM account except one file (logplaceholder) which inherits permission giving all users full access control list. Netskope client restricts access to this file by allowing only read permissions as a standard user. Whenever the Netskope client service restarts, it deletes the logplaceholder and recreates, creating a race condition, which can be exploited by a malicious local user to create the file and set ACL permissions on the file. Once the file is created by a malicious user with proper ACL permissions, all files within C:\Users\Public\netSkope\ becomes modifiable by the unprivileged user. By using Windows pseudo-symlink, these files can be pointed to other places in the system and thus malicious users will be able to elevate privileges.
Published 2023-06-15 07:15:09
Updated 2023-06-30 00:08:32
Source Netskope
View at NVD,

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2022-4149

Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 6 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2022-4149

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen

CWE ids for CVE-2022-4149

  • The product checks the state of a resource before using that resource, but the resource's state can change between the check and the use in a way that invalidates the results of the check. This can cause the product to perform invalid actions when the resource is in an unexpected state.
    Assigned by:
    • (Primary)
    • (Secondary)

Products affected by CVE-2022-4149

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