The Diffie-Hellman Key Agreement Protocol allows use of long exponents that arguably make certain calculations unnecessarily expensive, because the 1996 van Oorschot and Wiener paper found that "(appropriately) short exponents" can be used when there are adequate subgroup constraints, and these short exponents can lead to less expensive calculations than for long exponents. This issue is different from CVE-2002-20001 because it is based on an observation about exponent size, rather than an observation about numbers that are not public keys. The specific situations in which calculation expense would constitute a server-side vulnerability depend on the protocol (e.g., TLS, SSH, or IKE) and the DHE implementation details. In general, there might be an availability concern because of server-side resource consumption from DHE modular-exponentiation calculations. Finally, it is possible for an attacker to exploit this vulnerability and CVE-2002-20001 together.
Published 2022-11-14 23:15:11
Updated 2024-04-23 07:15:43
Source MITRE
View at NVD,   CVE.org

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2022-40735

0.72%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 81 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2022-40735

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
7.5
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
3.9
3.6
NIST

CWE ids for CVE-2022-40735

  • The product does not properly control the allocation and maintenance of a limited resource, thereby enabling an actor to influence the amount of resources consumed, eventually leading to the exhaustion of available resources.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)

References for CVE-2022-40735

Products affected by CVE-2022-40735

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