Git is an open source, scalable, distributed revision control system. `git shell` is a restricted login shell that can be used to implement Git's push/pull functionality via SSH. In versions prior to 2.30.6, 2.31.5, 2.32.4, 2.33.5, 2.34.5, 2.35.5, 2.36.3, and 2.37.4, the function that splits the command arguments into an array improperly uses an `int` to represent the number of entries in the array, allowing a malicious actor to intentionally overflow the return value, leading to arbitrary heap writes. Because the resulting array is then passed to `execv()`, it is possible to leverage this attack to gain remote code execution on a victim machine. Note that a victim must first allow access to `git shell` as a login shell in order to be vulnerable to this attack. This problem is patched in versions 2.30.6, 2.31.5, 2.32.4, 2.33.5, 2.34.5, 2.35.5, 2.36.3, and 2.37.4 and users are advised to upgrade to the latest version. Disabling `git shell` access via remote logins is a viable short-term workaround.
Published 2022-10-19 12:15:10
Updated 2023-12-27 10:15:38
Source GitHub, Inc.
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: OverflowMemory CorruptionExecute code

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2022-39260

1.09%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 84 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2022-39260

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
8.8
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
2.8
5.9
NIST
8.5
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H
1.8
6.0
GitHub, Inc.

CWE ids for CVE-2022-39260

  • A heap overflow condition is a buffer overflow, where the buffer that can be overwritten is allocated in the heap portion of memory, generally meaning that the buffer was allocated using a routine such as malloc().
    Assigned by: security-advisories@github.com (Primary)
  • The product writes data past the end, or before the beginning, of the intended buffer.
    Assigned by:
    • nvd@nist.gov (Secondary)
    • security-advisories@github.com (Primary)

References for CVE-2022-39260

Products affected by CVE-2022-39260

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