client_golang is the instrumentation library for Go applications in Prometheus, and the promhttp package in client_golang provides tooling around HTTP servers and clients. In client_golang prior to version 1.11.1, HTTP server is susceptible to a Denial of Service through unbounded cardinality, and potential memory exhaustion, when handling requests with non-standard HTTP methods. In order to be affected, an instrumented software must use any of `promhttp.InstrumentHandler*` middleware except `RequestsInFlight`; not filter any specific methods (e.g GET) before middleware; pass metric with `method` label name to our middleware; and not have any firewall/LB/proxy that filters away requests with unknown `method`. client_golang version 1.11.1 contains a patch for this issue. Several workarounds are available, including removing the `method` label name from counter/gauge used in the InstrumentHandler; turning off affected promhttp handlers; adding custom middleware before promhttp handler that will sanitize the request method given by Go http.Request; and using a reverse proxy or web application firewall, configured to only allow a limited set of methods.
Published 2022-02-15 16:15:09
Updated 2023-07-24 13:50:40
Source GitHub, Inc.
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: Denial of service

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2022-21698

0.47%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 73 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2022-21698

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
5.0
MEDIUM AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P
10.0
2.9
NIST
7.5
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
3.9
3.6
NIST
7.5
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
3.9
3.6
GitHub, Inc.

CWE ids for CVE-2022-21698

  • The product does not properly control the allocation and maintenance of a limited resource, thereby enabling an actor to influence the amount of resources consumed, eventually leading to the exhaustion of available resources.
    Assigned by: security-advisories@github.com (Secondary)
  • The product allocates a reusable resource or group of resources on behalf of an actor without imposing any restrictions on the size or number of resources that can be allocated, in violation of the intended security policy for that actor.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)
  • The product does not release a resource after its effective lifetime has ended, i.e., after the resource is no longer needed.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Secondary)

References for CVE-2022-21698

Products affected by CVE-2022-21698

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