Pentaho Business Analytics Server versions before 9.2.0.2 and 8.3.0.25 using the Pentaho Analyzer plugin exposes a service endpoint for templates which allows a user-supplied path to access resources that are out of bounds. The software uses external input to construct a pathname that is intended to identify a file or directory that is located underneath a restricted parent directory, but the software does not properly neutralize special elements within the pathname that can cause the pathname to resolve to a location that is outside of the restricted directory. By using special elements such as ".." and "/" separators, attackers can escape outside of the restricted location to access files or directories that are elsewhere on the system.
Published 2022-11-02 16:15:10
Updated 2022-11-04 02:48:56
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: Directory traversal

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-45448

0.07%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 28 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-45448

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
6.5
MEDIUM CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N
2.8
3.6
NIST
7.1
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:L/A:N
2.8
4.2
Hitachi Vantara

CWE ids for CVE-2021-45448

  • The product uses external input to construct a pathname that is intended to identify a file or directory that is located underneath a restricted parent directory, but the product does not properly neutralize special elements within the pathname that can cause the pathname to resolve to a location that is outside of the restricted directory.
    Assigned by:
    • nvd@nist.gov (Primary)
    • security.vulnerabilities@hitachivantara.com (Secondary)

References for CVE-2021-45448

Products affected by CVE-2021-45448

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