XStream is an open source java library to serialize objects to XML and back again. Versions prior to 1.4.19 may allow a remote attacker to allocate 100% CPU time on the target system depending on CPU type or parallel execution of such a payload resulting in a denial of service only by manipulating the processed input stream. XStream 1.4.19 monitors and accumulates the time it takes to add elements to collections and throws an exception if a set threshold is exceeded. Users are advised to upgrade as soon as possible. Users unable to upgrade may set the NO_REFERENCE mode to prevent recursion. See GHSA-rmr5-cpv2-vgjf for further details on a workaround if an upgrade is not possible.
Published 2022-02-01 12:15:08
Updated 2022-08-09 00:40:33
Source GitHub, Inc.
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: Denial of service

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-43859

1.23%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 84 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-43859

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
5.0
MEDIUM AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P
10.0
2.9
NIST
7.5
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
3.9
3.6
NIST
7.5
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
3.9
3.6
GitHub, Inc.

CWE ids for CVE-2021-43859

  • The product does not properly control the allocation and maintenance of a limited resource, thereby enabling an actor to influence the amount of resources consumed, eventually leading to the exhaustion of available resources.
    Assigned by:
    • nvd@nist.gov (Primary)
    • security-advisories@github.com (Secondary)

References for CVE-2021-43859

Products affected by CVE-2021-43859

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