Frontier is Substrate's Ethereum compatibility layer. In the newly introduced signed Frontier-specific extrinsic for `pallet-ethereum`, a large part of transaction validation logic was only called in transaction pool validation, but not in block execution. Malicious validators can take advantage of this to put invalid transactions into a block. The attack is limited in that the signature is always validated, and the majority of the validation is done again in the subsequent `pallet-evm` execution logic. However, do note that a chain ID replay attack was possible. In addition, spamming attacks are of main concerns, while they are limited by Substrate block size limits and other factors. The issue is patched in commit `146bb48849e5393004be5c88beefe76fdf009aba`.
Published 2021-10-13 16:15:08
Updated 2021-10-20 16:45:02
Source GitHub, Inc.
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: Input validation

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-41138

0.14%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 51 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-41138

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
5.0
MEDIUM AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N
10.0
2.9
NIST
5.3
MEDIUM CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N
3.9
1.4
NIST
5.3
MEDIUM CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N
3.9
1.4
GitHub, Inc.

CWE ids for CVE-2021-41138

  • The product receives input or data, but it does not validate or incorrectly validates that the input has the properties that are required to process the data safely and correctly.
    Assigned by:
    • nvd@nist.gov (Primary)
    • security-advisories@github.com (Secondary)

References for CVE-2021-41138

Products affected by CVE-2021-41138

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