Nokogiri is a Rubygem providing HTML, XML, SAX, and Reader parsers with XPath and CSS selector support. In Nokogiri v1.12.4 and earlier, on JRuby only, the SAX parser resolves external entities by default. Users of Nokogiri on JRuby who parse untrusted documents using any of these classes are affected: Nokogiri::XML::SAX::Parse, Nokogiri::HTML4::SAX::Parser or its alias Nokogiri::HTML::SAX::Parser, Nokogiri::XML::SAX::PushParser, and Nokogiri::HTML4::SAX::PushParser or its alias Nokogiri::HTML::SAX::PushParser. JRuby users should upgrade to Nokogiri v1.12.5 or later to receive a patch for this issue. There are no workarounds available for v1.12.4 or earlier. CRuby users are not affected.
Published 2021-09-27 20:15:07
Updated 2021-10-06 20:17:09
Source GitHub, Inc.
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: XML external entity (XXE) injection

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-41098

0.12%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 46 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-41098

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
5.0
MEDIUM AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N
10.0
2.9
NIST
7.5
HIGH CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N
3.9
3.6
GitHub, Inc.
7.5
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N
3.9
3.6
NIST

CWE ids for CVE-2021-41098

  • The product processes an XML document that can contain XML entities with URIs that resolve to documents outside of the intended sphere of control, causing the product to embed incorrect documents into its output.
    Assigned by: security-advisories@github.com (Primary)

References for CVE-2021-41098

Products affected by CVE-2021-41098

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