CyberArk Identity 21.5.131, when handling an invalid authentication attempt, sometimes reveals whether the username is valid. In certain authentication policy configurations with MFA, the API response length can be used to differentiate between a valid user and an invalid one (aka Username Enumeration). Response differentiation enables attackers to enumerate usernames of valid application users. Attackers can use this information to leverage brute-force and dictionary attacks in order to discover valid account information such as passwords.
Published 2021-09-01 13:15:08
Updated 2022-07-12 17:42:04
Source MITRE
View at NVD,   CVE.org

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-37151

0.09%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 38 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-37151

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
5.0
MEDIUM AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N
10.0
2.9
NIST
5.3
MEDIUM CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:N/A:N
3.9
1.4
NIST

CWE ids for CVE-2021-37151

  • The product behaves differently or sends different responses under different circumstances in a way that is observable to an unauthorized actor, which exposes security-relevant information about the state of the product, such as whether a particular operation was successful or not.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)

References for CVE-2021-37151

Products affected by CVE-2021-37151

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