Varnish varnish-modules before 0.17.1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon restart) in some configurations. This does not affect organizations that only install the Varnish Cache product; however, it is common to install both Varnish Cache and varnish-modules. Specifically, an assertion failure or NULL pointer dereference can be triggered in Varnish Cache through the varnish-modules header.append() and header.copy() functions. For some Varnish Configuration Language (VCL) files, this gives remote clients an opportunity to cause a Varnish Cache restart. A restart reduces overall availability and performance due to an increased number of cache misses, and may cause higher load on backend servers.
Published 2021-03-16 15:15:14
Updated 2022-06-28 14:11:45
Source MITRE
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: Memory CorruptionDenial of service

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-28543

0.23%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 61 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-28543

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
5.0
MEDIUM AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P
10.0
2.9
NIST
4.0
MEDIUM CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:L
2.2
1.4
MITRE
7.5
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
3.9
3.6
NIST

CWE ids for CVE-2021-28543

  • A NULL pointer dereference occurs when the application dereferences a pointer that it expects to be valid, but is NULL, typically causing a crash or exit.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)
  • The product contains an assert() or similar statement that can be triggered by an attacker, which leads to an application exit or other behavior that is more severe than necessary.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)

References for CVE-2021-28543

Products affected by CVE-2021-28543

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