This vulnerability allows local attackers to escalate privileges on affected installations of Parallels Desktop 16.1.1-49141. An attacker must first obtain the ability to execute high-privileged code on the target guest system in order to exploit this vulnerability. The specific flaw exists within the Toolgate component. The issue results from the lack of proper validation of a user-supplied path prior to using it in file operations. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to escalate privileges and execute code in the context of the current user on the host system. Was ZDI-CAN-12130.
Published 2021-04-22 18:15:08
Updated 2021-04-26 13:15:48
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: Directory traversalExecute code

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-27278

0.05%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 14 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-27278

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
4.6
MEDIUM AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P
3.9
6.4
NIST
8.2
HIGH CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H
1.5
6.0
Zero Day Initiative
8.2
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H
1.5
6.0
NIST

CWE ids for CVE-2021-27278

  • The product uses external input to construct a pathname that is intended to identify a file or directory that is located underneath a restricted parent directory, but the product does not properly neutralize special elements within the pathname that can cause the pathname to resolve to a location that is outside of the restricted directory.
    Assigned by: zdi-disclosures@trendmicro.com (Primary)

References for CVE-2021-27278

Products affected by CVE-2021-27278

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