Each Apache Dubbo server will set a serialization id to tell the clients which serialization protocol it is working on. But for Dubbo versions before 2.7.8 or 2.6.9, an attacker can choose which serialization id the Provider will use by tampering with the byte preamble flags, aka, not following the server's instruction. This means that if a weak deserializer such as the Kryo and FST are somehow in code scope (e.g. if Kryo is somehow a part of a dependency), a remote unauthenticated attacker can tell the Provider to use the weak deserializer, and then proceed to exploit it.
Published 2021-06-01 14:15:10
Updated 2021-06-10 13:28:56
View at NVD,   CVE.org

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-25641

8.48%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 94 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-25641

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
7.5
HIGH AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P
10.0
6.4
NIST
9.8
CRITICAL CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
3.9
5.9
NIST

CWE ids for CVE-2021-25641

References for CVE-2021-25641

Products affected by CVE-2021-25641

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