An exploitable integer truncation vulnerability exists within the MPEG-4 decoding functionality of the GPAC Project on Advanced Content library v1.0.1. A specially crafted MPEG-4 input can cause an improper memory allocation resulting in a heap-based buffer overflow that causes memory corruption. The FOURCC code, 'trik', is parsed by the function within the library. An attacker can convince a user to open a video to trigger this vulnerability.
Published 2021-08-16 20:15:49
Updated 2022-09-03 03:38:11
Source Talos
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: OverflowMemory Corruption

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2021-21860

0.18%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 55 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2021-21860

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
6.8
MEDIUM AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P
8.6
6.4
NIST
8.8
HIGH CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
2.8
5.9
Talos
8.8
HIGH CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
2.8
5.9
NIST

CWE ids for CVE-2021-21860

  • The product performs a calculation to determine how much memory to allocate, but an integer overflow can occur that causes less memory to be allocated than expected, leading to a buffer overflow.
    Assigned by: talos-cna@cisco.com (Secondary)
  • When converting from one data type to another, such as long to integer, data can be omitted or translated in a way that produces unexpected values. If the resulting values are used in a sensitive context, then dangerous behaviors may occur.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)

References for CVE-2021-21860

Products affected by CVE-2021-21860

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