Apache Struts 2.x before 2.3.29 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a "%{}" sequence in a tag attribute, aka forced double OGNL evaluation. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2016-0785.
Published 2017-10-16 16:29:01
Updated 2019-05-01 20:17:14
Source Red Hat, Inc.
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: Input validationExecute code

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2016-4461

Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days: 9.41%

Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less: ~ 94 % EPSS Score History EPSS FAQ

CVSS scores for CVE-2016-4461

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source
9.0
HIGH AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C
8.0
10.0
NIST
8.8
HIGH CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
2.8
5.9
NIST

CWE ids for CVE-2016-4461

  • The product receives input or data, but it does not validate or incorrectly validates that the input has the properties that are required to process the data safely and correctly.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)

References for CVE-2016-4461

Products affected by CVE-2016-4461

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