Mahara 1.4.x before 1.4.4 and 1.5.x before 1.5.3 allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files or create TCP connections via an XML external entity (XXE) injection attack, as demonstrated by reading config.php.
Published 2012-11-24 20:55:02
Updated 2024-02-15 03:19:59
View at NVD,   CVE.org
Vulnerability category: XML external entity (XXE) injection

Exploit prediction scoring system (EPSS) score for CVE-2012-2239

0.22%
Probability of exploitation activity in the next 30 days EPSS Score History
~ 59 %
Percentile, the proportion of vulnerabilities that are scored at or less

CVSS scores for CVE-2012-2239

Base Score Base Severity CVSS Vector Exploitability Score Impact Score Score Source First Seen
6.4
MEDIUM AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N
10.0
4.9
NIST
9.1
CRITICAL CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N
3.9
5.2
NIST 2024-02-15

CWE ids for CVE-2012-2239

  • The product constructs all or part of a code segment using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the syntax or behavior of the intended code segment.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)
  • The product processes an XML document that can contain XML entities with URIs that resolve to documents outside of the intended sphere of control, causing the product to embed incorrect documents into its output.
    Assigned by: nvd@nist.gov (Primary)

References for CVE-2012-2239

Products affected by CVE-2012-2239

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