CVEdetails.com the ultimate security vulnerability data source
(e.g.: CVE-2009-1234 or 2010-1234 or 20101234)
Log In   Register
Vulnerability Feeds & WidgetsNew   www.itsecdb.com  

Adobe : Security Vulnerabilities (Memory Corruption)

Press ESC to close
# CVE ID CWE ID # of Exploits Vulnerability Type(s) Publish Date Update Date Score Gained Access Level Access Complexity Authentication Conf. Integ. Avail.
1 CVE-2017-11280 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-16
5.0
None Remote Low Not required Partial None None
Adobe Digital Editions 4.5.4 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
2 CVE-2017-11278 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-16
5.0
None Remote Low Not required Partial None None
Adobe Digital Editions 4.5.4 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
3 CVE-2017-11277 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-16
5.0
None Remote Low Not required Partial None None
Adobe Digital Editions 4.5.4 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
4 CVE-2017-11276 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-16
5.0
None Remote Low Not required Partial None None
Adobe Digital Editions 4.5.4 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
5 CVE-2017-11271 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to transfer of pixel blocks. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
6 CVE-2017-11270 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private data representing icons. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
7 CVE-2017-11269 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) image stream data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
8 CVE-2017-11268 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private JPEG data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
9 CVE-2017-11267 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private data interpreted as JPEG data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
10 CVE-2017-11265 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the Adobe Graphics Manager module. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
11 CVE-2017-11263 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the internal data structure manipulation related to document encoding. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
12 CVE-2017-11262 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to drawing ASCII text string. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
13 CVE-2017-11261 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private data and the embedded TIF image. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
14 CVE-2017-11260 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private data interpreted as a GIF image. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
15 CVE-2017-11259 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
16 CVE-2017-11258 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private data and the embedded GIF image. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
17 CVE-2017-11255 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing TIFF color map data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
18 CVE-2017-11252 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the Adobe Graphics Manager (AGM) module. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
19 CVE-2017-11251 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the JPEG 2000 parsing module. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
20 CVE-2017-11249 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when parsing an invalid Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) record. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
21 CVE-2017-11248 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to pixel block transfer. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
22 CVE-2017-11246 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when parsing JPEG data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
23 CVE-2017-11245 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
24 CVE-2017-11244 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to transformation of blocks of pixels. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
25 CVE-2017-11243 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the XSLT engine. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
26 CVE-2017-11242 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-18
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to line segments. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
27 CVE-2017-11239 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to text strings. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
28 CVE-2017-11238 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to curve drawing. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
29 CVE-2017-11237 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the font parsing module. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
30 CVE-2017-11236 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the internal handling of UTF-16 literal strings. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
31 CVE-2017-11234 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing TIFF data related to the way how the components of each pixel are stored. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
32 CVE-2017-11233 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to block transfer of pixels. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
33 CVE-2017-11230 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the JPEG 2000 engine. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
34 CVE-2017-11228 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing JPEG 2000 (JP2) code stream data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
35 CVE-2017-11227 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) private data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
36 CVE-2017-11226 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image processing engine when processing JPEG 2000 (JP2) code stream data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
37 CVE-2017-11222 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the Product Representation Compact (PRC) engine. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
38 CVE-2017-11217 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to drawing of Unicode text strings. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
39 CVE-2017-11216 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to bitmap transformations. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
40 CVE-2017-11214 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to rendering a path. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
41 CVE-2017-11212 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to text output. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
42 CVE-2017-11210 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the font parsing, where the font is embedded in the XML Paper Specification (XPS) file. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
43 CVE-2017-11209 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability that occurs when reading a JPEG file embedded within XML Paper Specification (XPS) file. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
44 CVE-2017-3124 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
10.0
None Remote Low Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the picture exchange (PCX) file format parsing module. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
45 CVE-2017-3123 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data drawing position definition. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
46 CVE-2017-3122 200 Exec Code Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-08-11 2017-08-18
4.3
None Remote Medium Not required Partial None None
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the image conversion engine when processing Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) data related to Bezier curves. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
47 CVE-2017-3121 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-18
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) parser. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
48 CVE-2017-3119 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
6.8
None Remote Medium Not required Partial Partial Partial
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in Acrobat/Reader 11.0.19 engine. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
49 CVE-2017-3116 119 Exec Code Overflow Mem. Corr. 2017-08-11 2017-08-17
9.3
None Remote Medium Not required Complete Complete Complete
Adobe Acrobat Reader 2017.009.20058 and earlier, 2017.008.30051 and earlier, 2015.006.30306 and earlier, and 11.0.20 and earlier has an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the MakeAccessible plugin when parsing TrueType font data. Successful exploitation could lead to arbitrary code execution.
50 CVE-2017-3100 200 Mem. Corr. +Info 2017-07-17 2017-08-04
5.0
None Remote Low Not required Partial None None
Adobe Flash Player versions 26.0.0.131 and earlier have an exploitable memory corruption vulnerability in the Action Script 2 BitmapData class. Successful exploitation could lead to memory address disclosure.
Total number of vulnerabilities : 887   Page : 1 (This Page)2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
CVE is a registred trademark of the MITRE Corporation and the authoritative source of CVE content is MITRE's CVE web site. CWE is a registred trademark of the MITRE Corporation and the authoritative source of CWE content is MITRE's CWE web site. OVAL is a registered trademark of The MITRE Corporation and the authoritative source of OVAL content is MITRE's OVAL web site.
Use of this information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There are NO warranties, implied or otherwise, with regard to this information or its use. Any use of this information is at the user's risk. It is the responsibility of user to evaluate the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, opinion, advice or other content. EACH USER WILL BE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY consequences of his or her direct or indirect use of this web site. ALL WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. This site will NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT or any other kind of loss.